General Information

Project Number
This questionnaire is part of the LISS Core Study, a longitudinal survey delivering a broad range of social core information about the panel members. The survey focuses on personality and characteristics.
Longitudinal Type
Longitudinal Study
Changes regarding to the previous wave are specified in the Introduction of the codebook.

List of concepts:

Happiness, Life satisfaction, Big Five personality, Survey attitude, Self-esteem, Mood, Need to evaluate, Value orientation, Inclusion of Others in the Self, Social desirability, Affects, Need for Cognition, Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R)
Miquelle Marchand (Centerdata)
© 2022 Centerdata

List of Measures

Please select a wave to access the metadata and download datasets for that wave.
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal Wave


Luiaards en trouwe deelnemers: Classificatie van respondenten in een panelstudie Jaarboek MarktOnderzoekAssociatie, Hoofdstuk 8, 123-137 ; Lugtig, P.
Personality Effects on Participation in the LISS Panel In: The Impact of Personality on Participation Decisions in Surveys 2013, pp 129-160; Saßenroth, D.
The influence of holiday-taking on affect and contentment Annals of Tourism Research, Volume 45, Pages 89-101; Kroesen, M. et al.
The Impact of Non-Coverage in Web Surveys Faculty of Social Sciences, Psychology, Utrecht University ; Hendriks, Y.
Informing panel members about study results: effects of traditional and innovative forms of feedback on participation In: M. Callegaro, R. Baker, J. Bethlehem, A. S. Göritz, J. A. Krosnick and P. J. Lavrakas (Eds.). Online Panel Research: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Wiley. ; Scherpenzeel, Annette and Toepoel, Vera
The development of life satisfaction: does personality matter? University of Twente: GW: Behavioural Sciences; Müller, M.L.
Longitudinal interplay between posttraumatic stress symptoms and coping self-efficacy Social Science & Medicine, 134, 23-29; Bosmans, M.H.G., et al.
Correlations between the individual effects of romantic partners in a subjective well-being equation Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, faculty of economics and business; Jonker, S.
Wie volgt? De persoonlijkheid van volgers als verklaring van geloof in quasi-messianistisch leiderschap Universiteit van Amsterdam, Politieke Theorie en Politiek Gedrag; Frank Jan Eskes
The psychological roots of populist voting: European Journal of Political Research, 2016; 55(2): 302-320 ; Bakker, B.N., et al.
Determinanten der Teilnahme von Privatinvestoren am Aktienmarkt Institut für Banken und Finanzierung, Leibniz Universität Hannover; Cambier, Myriam
Belief in scientific-technological progress and life satisfaction: the role of personal control. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 227-236. ; Stavrova, O., et al.
Education and Smoking Cessation: The Role of Skills Explained Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam; Roest, A.M.T.
Wages and the Big Five personality traits of natives and immigrants Erasmus School of Economics, Economics of Management and Organisation; Ramlal, T.S.D.
The Impact of Long-Run Macroeconomic Experiences on Personality SAFE Working Paper No. 142; Vellekoop, N.
Happiness, Unemployment and Self-esteem SOM Research Reports, 16016-HRM&OB; Meer, P.H. van der, et al.
Relations between mental health, income and the labor market position in the Netherlands: University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School of Economics; Keizer, S.
The relationship between time preferences and measures of well-being Tilburg School of Economics and Management; Farny, L.
Does self-esteem influence financial behavior? University of Groningen, Faculty of Economics and Business; Heuzeveldt, T.F.A.
The Measurement of Variability and Change in Life Satisfaction European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2017), 33, pp. 224-238.; Gnambs, T., et al.
Predictors of Mobilizing Online Coping versus Offline Coping Resources after Negative Life Events Computers in Human Behavior, 59, 431-439; Van Ingen, Erik, et al.
The Influence of Financial Knowledge and Self-perception on the Propensity to save for Retirement University of Groningen, Faculty of Economics and Business; Moreno, A.G.
The structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: A cross-cultural meta-analysis Zeitschrift für Psychologie (2018), 226 , 14-29; Gnambs, T., et al.
The Big Five Personality Traits and Attitudes Towards Immigrants Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 40(1), 79-99; Gallego, A. et al.
Levenstevredenheid na pensionering Bachelor thesis, Department of Sociology, University of Amsterdam; Splinter, M.
Smoking Status and Subjective Well-Being Tobacco Control , 26(2), pp. 195-201; Weinhold, D. et al.
Evaluating the Psychometric Properties of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(1), pp. 99-110 ; Lamers, S.M.A. et al.
Positive mental health PhD thesis, Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences, University of Twente; Lamers, S.M.A.
The longitudinal links of personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem: A five-wave study of a nationally representative sample Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, first published online November 5, 2018; Fetvadjiev, V.H., et al.
Personality trait development across the transition to retirement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication; Schwaba, T., et al.
Retirement is associated with change in self-esteem. Psychology and Aging, 33(4), 586-594; Bleidorn, W., et al.
Individual Differences in Personality Change Across the Adult Lifespan Journal of Personality (2018), 86(3), 450-464; Schwaba, T., et al.
Openness to Experience and Culture-Openness Transactions Across the Lifespan. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 115(1), 118-136; Schwaba, T., et al.
Unemployment, Trust in Government, and Satisfaction with Democracy: An Empirical Investigation Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, volume 4; Bauer, P.C.
Modeling Bivariate Change in Individual Differences: Prospective Associations Between Personality and Life Satisfaction Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 115(6), e12-e29; Hounkpatin, H.O., et al.
Ongelijkheid en zelfrespect: het effect van inkomen en arbeidspositie Tijdschrift voor Arbeidsvraagstukken (2018), 34(2), 221-237; Wielers, R.J.J., et al.
Big Five Personality Trait of Cybercrime Victims Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 20(7), pp. 407-412.; Van de Weijer, S.G.A. et al.
Trust in e-commerce Tilburg University; Dorssers, J.
Psychometric network models from time-series and panel data Psychometrika, 85(1), 206-231; Epskamp, S.
Transactions between life events and personality traits across the adult lifespan Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 116(4), 612-633; Denissen, J. J. A., et al.
The generalizability of personality effects in politics European Journal of Personality, 33(6), 631-641; Vitriol, J. A., et al.
National attachment—Cohesive, divisive, or both? A reconsideration of the national identity argument through the lens of social identity theory In G. Gustavsson & D. Miller (Eds.), Liberal nationalism and its critics (pp. 59-77); Gustavsson, G.
Personalità, inerzia e possesso attività finanziarie University of Rome Tor Vergata; Ceccarelli, G.
Three facets of planning and postponement of parenthood in the Netherlands Demographic Research, 43(23), 659–672; Verweij, R., et al.
Changes in optimism and pessimism in response to life events: Evidence from three large panel studies Journal of Research in Personality, 88(103985), 1-14; Chopik, W. J., et al.
Fathering daughters and personality Social Science Research Network, first published online December 28, 2020; van Lent, M.
Self-esteem and satisfaction with social relationships across time Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 120(1), 173–191; de Moor, E. L., et al.
Health, environmental, and animal rights motives for vegetarian eating PLoS ONE, 15(4), 1-20; Hopwood, C. J., et al.
Personality and Headaches Psychosomatic Medicine, 83(2), 118-124; Stephan, Y., et al.
Personality as a predictor of unit nonresponse in an Internet panel Sociological Methods & Research, 49(3), 672-698; Cheng, A., et al.
Personality and self-rated health across eight cohort studies Social Science & Medicine, 263(113245), 1-10 ; Stephan, Y., et al.
Big Five personality as a predictor of health: shortening the questionnaire through the elastic net Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 9(2), 159-164; Doornenbal, B. M.
Charting self-esteem during marital dissolution Journal of Personality, Journal of Personality, 89(1), 9-22; Bleidorn, W., et al.
Reconsidering the link between self-reported personality traits and political preferences American Political Science Review, 115(4), 1482-1498; Bakker, B. N., et al.
Hoe vertrouwen in politiek en maatschappij doorwerkt in vertrouwen in pensioeninstituties Tijdschrift voor Politieke Economie Digitaal, 15(2), 53-70; van Dalen, H. P. et al.
Het effect van subjectief welzijn op inkomen Erasmus University Rotterdam; van den Berg, M.
Aberrant individuals’ effects on fit indices both of confirmatory factor analysis and polytomous IRT models Current Psychology, first published online March 23, 2021; Şengül Avşar, A.
Household composition and preferences: A collective approach to household consumption Review of Income and Wealth, 67(3), 591-615; van Leeuwen, B., et al.
The populist appeal: Personality and anti-establishment communication The Journal of Politics, 83(2), 589-601; Bakker, B. N., et al.
Does using social media jeopardize well-being? The importance of separating within- from between-person effects Social Psychological and Personality Science, 12(6), 964-973; Stavrova, O., et al.
How does substance use affect personality development? Disentangling between and within-person effects Social Psychological and Personality Science, 12(4), 517-527; Kroencke, L., et al.
The use and abuse of wording factor with the RSES: A systematic review and derived indices estimation Working paper, first published online October 25, 2021; Ponce, F., et al.
Daughters and divorce The Economic Journal, 131(637), 2144–2170; Kabátek, J., et al.
Towards hybrid profiling: Combining digital phenotyping with validated survey questions to balance data entry effort with predictive power In 2021 International Symposium on Electrical, Electronics and Information Engineering (pp. 585–593). ACM. ; Hadian Haghighi, E., et al.
Hoe vertrouwen in politiek en maatschappij doorwerkt in vertrouwen in pensioeninstituties Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement, Design paper No. 177; van Dalen, H. P., et al.
Does pro-sociality or trust better predict staying home behavior during the Covid-19? Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 100, 1-31; Umer, H.
No evidence that siblings’ gender affects personality across nine countries Psychological Science, 33(9), 1574–1587; Dudek, T., et al.
Personality and fatigue: Meta-analysis of seven prospective studies Scientific Reports, 12, 1-8; Stephan, Y., et al.
The Psychological Inventory of Financial Scarcity (PIFS): A psychometric evaluation Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 101, 1-11; van Dijk, W. W., et al.
The transition to grandparenthood: No consistent evidence for change in the Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction European Journal of Personality, first published online August 16, 2022; Krämer, M. D., et al.
Internet use and cognitive engagement in older adulthood Social Psychological and Personality Science, 13(5), 968–977 ; Schwaba, T., et al.
Who benefits from which activity? On the relations between personality traits, leisure activities, and well-being Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, first published online August, 2022 ; Kuper, N., et al.
The influence of loneliness on perceived connectedness and trust beliefs – longitudinal evidence from the Netherlands Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, first published online December 8, 2022; Langenkamp, A.
The impact of different methods to correct for response styles on the external validity of self-reports European Journal of Psychological Assessment, first published Online September 29, 2022 ; Scharl, A., et al.
Geprikkeld door politieke preferenties University of Groningen; Bliek, J.
Consumption and happiness Erasmus University Rotterdam; Facchini, A.
It’s (a) shame: Why poverty leads to support for authoritarianism Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, first published online December 28, 2022; Neerdaels, J., et al.
Studying item effects and their correlation patterns with multi-construct multi-state models PsyArXiv, first published online March 18, 2022 ; Erhardt, T. H., et al.
Bifactor and bifactor S-1 model estimations with non-reverse-coded data Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology, 13(3), 244-255; Baris Pekmezci, F.
How do social and economic status impact measurement error? International Journal of Social Research Methodology, first published online October 8, 2022; Cernat, A., et al.
Job insecurity and mental health Utrecht University; van der Meer, P. D.
Personality and health: Disentangling their between-person and within-person relationship in three longitudinal studies Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 122(3), 493–522; Luo, J., et al.
Personality and change in physical activity across 3–10 years Psychology & Health, first published online June 29, 2022; Caille, P., et al.
The associations between life events and person-centered personality consistency Journal of Personality, first published online December 20, 2022; Wright, A. J., et al.
Temporal dynamics of interpersonal trust during the transition to parenthood Journal of Research in Personality, 97, 1-8; Stavrova, O., et al.
Do changes in personality predict life outcomes? PsyArXiv, first published online September 24, 2022; Wright, A. J., et al.
A mega-analysis of personality predictions: Robustness and boundary conditions Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 122(3), 523–553; Beck, E. D., et al.
Latent change score models for the study of development and dynamics in organizational research Organizational Research Methods, 24(4), 772-801; Matusik, J. G., et al.
Informal volunteering and socialization effects: Examining modelling and encouragement by parents and partner VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 33(2), 347–361; Ramaekers, M. J. M., et al.
Opening the black box: Uncovering the leader trait paradigm through machine learning The Leadership Quarterly, 33(5), 1-12; Doornenbal, B. M., et al.
Wording effects in assessment: Missing the trees for the forest Multivariate Behavioral Research, 57(5), 718-734; Ponce, F. P., et al.
Are some people more consistent? Examining the stability and underlying processes of personality profile consistency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 1409-1417; Wright, A. J. et al.
Nonlinear effect of social interaction quantity on psychological well-being: Diminishing returns or inverted U? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 122(6), 1056–1074; Ren, D., et al.
Social network sites, individual social capital and happiness Journal of Happiness Studies, 19, 99-122; Arampatzi, E., et al.
No evidence for transactional effects between religiosity and self-esteem in a secular country Social Psychological and Personality Science, first published online May 6, 2023 ; Entringer, T. M., et al.
The link between personality, global, and domain-specific satisfaction across the adult lifespan Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, first published online March 20, 2023; Olaru, G., et al.
The role of financial stress in mental health changes during COVID-19 Npj Mental Health Ressearch, 1(15), 1-10; Simonse, O., et al.
The ephemeral nature of wording effects Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, first published online June 29, 2023; Ponce, F. P., et al.
The Survey Attitude Scale Zusammenstellung sozialwissenschaftlicher Items und Skalen (ZIS), first published online 2022; de Leeuw, E., et al.
Informal caregivers and life satisfaction: Empirical evidence from the Netherlands Journal of Happiness Studies, first published online May 8, 2023; Blaise, M., et al.
Parental leave and life satisfaction: The Dutch case Working paper No. 2019–26; Dillenseger, L., et al.
Vertrouwen we elkaar nog? University of Groningen; Rietman, L.
Living space size and well-being Erasmus University Rotterdam; Weekenborg, B.
Does personality affect the allocation of resources within households? KU Leuven, Discussion paper DPS23.11; Fernández, G. P.
Using within-person change in three large panel studies to estimate personality age trajectories Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, first published online July 31, 2023; Seifert, I. S., et al.
The anatomy of competitiveness IZA Institute of Labor Economics, Discussion Paper No. 16224; Buser, T., et al.
Self-esteem and income over time Psychological Science, 34(10), 1163-1172 ; Bleidorn, W., et al.
Reminders in Web-Based Data Collection : Increasing Response at the Price of retention? American Journal of Evaluation, 33(2), 240-250; Göritz, Anja S. et al.
Assessing mediators in the relationship between commute time and subjective well being: a structural equation analysis submitted for the Transportation Research Board congres, January 2014 ; Kroesen, M.
The factor structure of Big Five personality trait measures at the between- and within-person levels European Journal of Personality, first published online November 27, 2023; Grosz, M. P.
Subjective well-being and populist voting in the Netherlands Journal of Happiness Studies, 24(7), 2331–2352; Burger, M. J., et al.
Part-time parental leave and life satisfaction: Evidence from the Netherlands Applied Research in Quality of Life, 18(5), 1-23; Dillenseger, L., et al.
Corrigendum: Curiosity does help to protect against anxiety and depression symptoms but not conversely Journal of Affective Disorders, 323, 894-897; Zainal, N. H., et al.
Welbevinden ten tijde van corona: oktober 2020. Signalement Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau, December 4, 2020; Plaisier, I., et al.
Welbevinden ten tijde van corona. Eerste bevindingen op basis van een bevolkingsenquête uit juli 2020 Sociaal Cultureel Planbureau, September 9, 2020; de Klerk, M., et al.
The effects of COVID-19 on self-esteem: Panel data from the Netherlands SSRN, first published online September 1, 2022; Umer, H.
Gender differences in temporal stability and decay in stability of trust Theory and Decision, first published online November 2, 2023; Umer, H.
Beyond the mean: Can we improve the predictive power of psychometric scales? Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 6(2), 1-15; Nielsen, Y. A., et al.
Personality and risk of incident stroke in 6 prospective studies Stroke, 54(8), 2069–2076; Stephan, Y., et al.
Psychological change before and after religious conversion and deconversion Journal of Personality, first published online September 4, 2023; Bleidorn, W., et al.
Role of work ethic in the work–life satisfaction relationship Journal of Managerial Psychology, first published online December 22, 2023; Jing, E. L., et al.
Personality characteristics of Dutch perioperative healthcare professionals when compared to the normative Dutch population Social Science Research Network, first published online October 12, 2023; Vermeulen, M. A. P., et al.
Don’t drag me down: Valence asymmetry in well-being co-development in couples Social Psychological and Personality Science, first published online October 31, 2023; Stavrova, O., et al.
Subjective experiences of life events match individual differences in personality development Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 125(5), 1136–1156; Schwaba, T., et al.
Societal pessimism and the transition to parenthood: A future too bleak to have children? Population and Development Review, first published online 21 March, 2024; Ivanova, K., et al.